1.Country Name => Republic of India or Bhart Ganarajya
2.Motto => “Satyameva Jayate” (Sanskrit) means “Truth Alone Triumphs”
3.Total Area => 3,287,590 km2 (7th in World) 4.Population => 1,210,193,422 ( 2011 census) 5.Population Density => 380.3/km2
6.Length => NS = 3214 Km, ES = 2933 Km
7.Coast Line => 7516.6 Km
8.Latitudinal Extend => 8.4 N to 37.6 N 9.Longitudinal Extend => 68.7 E to 97.25 E 10.Indian Standard Time => 82(1/2) E Longitude, It passes through Naini Near Allahabad.
11.Southmost Point of Indian Mainland => 8.4 N (Kanyakumari or Cape Camorin)
12.Southmost Point of India => 6(1/2) N, Indira Point at Great Nikobar
13.Largest Coast line => Gujarat coast
14.Coldest Place => Drass in J&K
15.Hottest place => Briyawali (Bikaner) in Western Rajasthan
16.Largest River Island => Majuli Island, Brahmaputra River in Assam
17.Tropic of Cancer => 23(1/2) N latitude passes through 8 States: Gujarat, Rajasthan, MP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.
18.International Boundary Lines:
a)Redcliff Line: India & Pakistan
b)Mc. Mohan Line: India & China
c)24th Parallel: India & Pakistan in Runn of Cutch(Not official)
d)Durand Line: Pakistan & Afganistan
e)38th Parallel: North Korea & South Korea
f)49th Parallel: USA & Canada
g)Hiddenberg Line: Germany & Poland
h)Maginot Line: Germany & France.
19.Maitri and Dakshin Gangotri are research station on North Pole.
20.Himadri is research station on North Pole.
21.Geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on the Earth to be specified by a set of numbers or letters. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation.
22.Latitude (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.
23.The five major circles of latitude are:
a)Arctic Circle (66° 33′ 44″ N)
b)Tropic of Cancer (23° 26′ 16″ N)
c)Equator (0° latitude)
d)Tropic of Capricorn (23° 26′ 16″ S)
e)Antarctic Circle (66° 33′ 44″ S)
24.Longitude (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians.
25.International Date Line is Longitude where the date changes by exactly one day when it is cross. 180Degree East and 180Degree west meridians are same line which is called International date line…